No one knows your body better than you do, but just because you’re familiar with it on a personal level doesn’t mean you understand everything that’s going on with it. In fact, you may be the person least likely to notice subtle changes, especially when it comes to your skin.
As a skincare professional, you have a better understanding of the skin than many do but every person is an individual. Whether performing a facial, administering a specialized treatment, or making product recommendations, the first thing you need to do is a skin analysis. Unless you get a good look at the skin, you won’t really be able to tell what’s going on and how to best meet the client’s needs.
Skin analysis is an essential step in any spa facial but is important for overall understanding of the skin as well. Read on to learn more about what skin analysis is, its importance, and how to complete one using Yon-Ka’s 4-point skin analysis process.
What is a Skin Analysis?
Though the word “analysis” may sound invasive or clinical, a skin analysis is actually quite simple. All it involves is taking a close-up look at the skin under bright light to perform a thorough examination. Through skin analysis, an esthetician can determine the client’s skin type and skin conditions which will help determine the best course of treatment.
While skin analysis is an important step in any spa facial, a good esthetician will be able to identify certain skin concerns without even touching the skin.
Here are some of the conditions most easily identified by trained estheticians:
- Oily, congested skin
- Dull, dry, or aging skin
- Red or sensitive skin
- Fine lines, wrinkles and skin laxity
Before you even get to the skin analysis, any new client should fill out the intake form which should include questions about diet, medications, health conditions and skin concerns. Having this information will help you put your visual observations into context and help you satisfy the client’s biggest concerns.
What Happens During Skin Analysis?
The first step in administering a professional facial or other skincare treatment is to get the client comfortable. Once the client is in the chair, you’ll wrap their hair with a towel or headband and apply damp cotton pads to the eyes. Then comes the pre-cleanse skin analysis.
During the skin analysis, you’ll be making note of the following:
- The texture of the skin
- The size and visibility of the pores
- The dryness or oiliness of the skin
- The presence of breakouts or bumps
- The skin’s firmness and elasticity
- The sensitivity of the skin
A proper skin analysis is completed with the help of a magnifying lamp, also known as a loupe. The combination of bright light and magnification makes it easy for you to see the skin in detail, including things that might be covered by makeup or that are too small for the naked eye to see.
During the skin analysis, you’ll get a better understanding of the client’s skin and you should be able to identify their skin type and existing skin conditions. From there, you’ll be able to customize the client’s treatment and provide product recommendations afterward for at-home skincare.
The Yon-Ka Paris 4-Point Skin Analysis
Healthy skin doesn’t look the same on every client. Just because you have occasional breakouts or a little bit of sun damage doesn’t mean your skin isn’t healthy. The goal of a skin analysis is to determine your skin’s current condition and to identify the primary skin concerns.
These are the four steps involved in the Yon-Ka 4-point skin analysis:
- Identify the skin type (dry, oily, combination, sensitive)
- Identify any existing skin conditions (ex: aging, dehydration, etc.)
- Determine the need for anti-aging treatment
- Analyze the skin’s health above and below the surface
Professionals in the skincare industry tend to develop their own habits when it comes to delivering certain services but it’s important to avoid becoming complacent. Your primary goal is to provide a positive customer experience with effective treatment and appropriate product recommendations.
As a Yon-Ka spa partner, you’ll receive intensive training featuring hands-on practice and gain access to continuous advanced education and online professional resources. The Yon-Ka 4-point skin analysis is just one of the many techniques you’ll have the ability to learn.
Now, let’s explore each of these four points in greater depth.
1. Identify the Skin Type
Skin is typically described using one of four classifications or skin types. These skin types were originally classified by Helena Rubenstein in the early 1900s, but they are still used by dermatologists and skincare professionals today. The four skin types are as follows:
- Dry – This skin type produces less sebum than normal skin and may feel tight and rough to the touch and look dull in appearance. Skin elasticity may be lower than normal.
- Oily – This skin type produces more sebum than normal and may have a glossy shine and visible pores. The skin may be paler or thicker than normal, and often prone to breakouts.
- Combination – This skin type consists of a mixture of dry and oily skin, typically oily in the T-zone and dry to normal on the cheeks.
- Sensitive – This skin type is easily irritated by internal and external factors including sun, extreme temperatures, cosmetics, and cleansers.
When the skin is well-balanced, it is typically described as a normal skin type – it is neither too dry nor too oily. Identifying the client’s skin type is the first step in customizing the treatment as well as your at-home skincare product recommendations.
For example, for dry skin you might recommend a cleansing cream like Yon-Ka’s Nettoyant Crème while a client with oily skin might do better with a lightweight gel cleanser like Yon-Ka’s Gel Nettoyant. Choosing the right moisturizer and exfoliator comes down to skin type as well. Mature skin might benefit from an anti-wrinkle daily moisturizer such as Yon-Ka’s Elastine Jour and Nuit duo while sensitive skin may do well with Yon-Ka’s Sensitive Crème. It’s important to thoroughly understand the skin prior to recommending a product regimen. The wrong products on the wrong skin type could exacerbate the client’s skin conditions.
2. Identify Existing Skin Conditions
After identifying the client’s skin type, the next step is to identify existing skin conditions and skincare concerns. At this stage, you’ll want to use a combination of your observations and the information provided by the client at the start of the appointment.
Here are some examples of common skin concerns and conditions:
- Aging – Fine lines and wrinkles, sagging skin, loss of elasticity, loss of volume
- Dehydration – Dull skin tone, itchiness, sunken eyes, exaggerated wrinkles, dark circles
- Sensitivity – Dry skin, oily skin, redness, breakouts, allergic reaction, warm to the touch
- Sun Damage – Rough or scaly patches, redness, inflammation, discolored skin
- Acne – Excess surface oil, clogged pores, non-inflamed bumps, blackheads, whiteheads
Once you’ve identified the client’s primary skin concerns, you can customize the treatment accordingly and cater your product recommendations for at-home continued care. Yon-Ka Paris offers a wide range of products for all skin types and skin concerns.
For example, Elixir Vital revitalizes and remineralizes damaged skin while Sensitive Masque provides immediate relief to sensitized or aggressed skin. Yon-Ka Guarana Scrub exfoliates and detoxifies, gently buffing away impurities while Hydra No. 1 Crème repairs and rehydrates, restoring the skin to its youthful health and radiance. It is important to have a wide range of products that cover a variety of skin concerns to best customize the skincare regimen to your client’s needs.
3. Determine the Need for Anti-Aging Treatment
Age defense is important at any stage of life, though it becomes even more important after 50. Keeping the skin young and healthy requires proper sun protection as well as a daily skincare routine that includes cleansing, exfoliating, and moisturizing. It is never too early to start a daily skincare regimen.
In clients for whom the visible signs of aging are not yet a concern, the focus should be on products and treatments that preserve the skin’s natural moisture barrier and protect against environmental pollutants to avoid early aging. Yon-Ka’s Booster Nutri+ is an excellent recommendation for all ages, designed to nourish and regenerate the skin from the negative effects of sun exposure, nutrient deficiency, and environmental pollutants.
For mature clients, anti-aging treatments can be catered to the specific skin type and concurrent skin conditions or concerns. An anti-wrinkle day cream like Elastine Jour should be a staple, or a vitalizing cream like Pamplemousse PS for dry and sensitive skin types. Normal to oily skin types may benefit from a regenerating night cream like Phyto 58 PNG to tighten pores and bring radiance to dull skin.
4. Analyze the Skin’s Health
After analyzing the skin’s surface for obvious issues like dryness or acne, take a closer look at the skin itself to obtain clues to better understand the underlying cause of the client’s concerns. Analyze the thickness of the epidermis and dermis as well as the health of the capillary network under the skin. Check for signs of breakouts, reactivity, and skin conditions like rosacea using additional symptoms like excess oil, large pore size, and dull skin tone as clues.
As a Yon-Ka skincare professional, you’ll enjoy a fast-paced and satisfying career making a difference in the lives of your clients every day. Using the 4-point skin analysis and Yon-Ka’s premium skincare products, you can deliver unforgettable customer service and undeniable results to each and every client.